Blogia
Visión de túnel

JOHN CURRIN

Image Hosted by ImageShack.usFishermen. 2002.

En la actualidad, cuando muchos artistas trabajan con medios electrónicos, tecnológicos o con el legado de la abstracción, John Currin (1962), radicado en Nueva York, representa una corriente alternativa que reconsidera las posibilidades de la pintura figurativa.

Image Hosted by ImageShack.usStamford After-Brunch. 2000

Polémico por ello, sus obras son un intento por encontrar la manera en que la figuración puede ser relevante y actual en la cultura presente. Su primera exhibición individual en 1992 —a punto del boicot— lo lanzó a la fama.

En los años que cubre la exhibición, coorganizada por el Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Chicago y exhibiéndose en el Museo Whitney de Arte Americano en Nueva York, vemos que Currin ha explorado muchos estilos inspirados por una extensa gama de imágenes, desde las pinturas de los maestros renacentistas y manieristas italianos y del norte de Europa —Botticelli, Mantegna, Pontormo, Durero—, pasando por las ilustraciones y anuncios de revistas americanas y la fotografía pornográfica.

Image Hosted by ImageShack.usThe Pink Tree, 1999.

La constante en su trabajo es su interés en la figura humana, por lo visual y por ser ésta un vehículo para entender los códigos sociales.

Mientras Currin es mejor conocido por sus pinturas de mujeres —algunas de ellas desnudas y usualmente muy sexualizadas— su trabajo incluye figuras masculinas, y parejas, tanto heterosexuales como gay.

Image Hosted by ImageShack.usMs Omni, 1993

Ninguna de las imágenes es cargada con tabúes sociales, confiando acertadamente en la habilidad del arte para sustentar y elevar aun los más comprometidos o problemáticos temas.

Dentro de las diferentes fases de su obra, encontramos los solitarios retratos de mujeres de mediana edad con fondos monocromáticos de principios de los años noventa, cuando Currin comenzó a realizar desnudos, y no siempre de la manera convencional.

“Bea Arthur desnuda” (1991) muestra a la veterana estrella de la exitosa serie de televisión “The golden girls” desnuda de los senos hacia arriba. Otro trabajo, titulado “Trasero”, representa las nalgas de una mujer en una casi abstracta simplicidad.

Image Hosted by ImageShack.usNude on a Table, 2001

Aunque algunos detractores de su obra lo acusan de perpetuar los estereotipos de género, sus pinturas más bien crean una ambigua representación de los roles tradicionales, llegando a convertirlos en caricaturas sociales y trayéndonos a la mente a Otto Dix, Hogarth y Daumier.

Sus mujeres de senos desbordantes contrastan con las famélicas figuras como Ms. Omni. Y aun cuando él ha explorado las más violentas distorsiones y variaciones de las técnicas pictóricas, ha producido sutiles obras, entre ellas “Sin corazón” (1997) y “El árbol rosa” (1999) —pintado bajo la influencia de Lucas Cranach—, arquetipos de la sexualidad femenina, mujeres con formas sinuosas que reflejan sensualidad y a la vez inocencia.

Image Hosted by ImageShack.usSkinny Woman, 1992.

Uno de sus más recientes trabajos, “Pescadores” (2002), refleja su interés actual en las composiciones dinámicas de los períodos Barroco y Rococó. Inspirado por artistas como Giambatistta Tiepolo y Francois Boucher, esta obra se caracteriza por las formas interrelacionadas de líneas complejas y en movimiento.

Image Hosted by ImageShack.usHeartless, 1997.

El trabajo de Currin está lleno de contradicciones, pero es indudable su virtuosismo técnico y su capacidad de síntesis, absorbe de diversas fuentes, tanto de la historia del arte como de la cultura popular. Su trabajo puede parecer artificialmente bello y muchas veces chocante e irónico. Nada mal para el más celebrado y reconocido artista norteamericano en la actualidad.

Image Hosted by ImageShack.usThe Producer. 2002.

posted by ANTONIO TRASHORRAS.

+++++++++++++
Walking through the Serpentine’s new exhibition, a retrospective of American artist John Currin, brings an immediate smile to my face. A smile at the intrinsic humour of many of the paintings, but also smiles of recognition as the influences from the history of art are gradually revealed.

Critic David Cohen described Currin as a “disingenous and meretricious hack” in an article that claimed the artist’s audience was in fact, the “artworld insider” and contrasted his vulgarity with Norman Rockwell: “While Rockwell sought to console the million, Currin would probably be content to rake one in.” Strong stuff, but also more than a little unfair and misguided.

John Currin is an alumni of the prestigious Yale University where he received his MFA in 1986 and since then his star has risen fairly quickly. A solo exhibition at the Institute of Contemporary Arts in London in 1995 was followed by inclusions in major international shows such as the Carnegie International 1999/2000 and the Whitney Biennial (2000).

He‘s a painter of portraits; fictitious portraits in most cases. Often inspired by photographs from old magazines and the facial proportions of his wife’s face, he was initially drawn to painting as a reaction to the more progressive media then in vogue in the early nineties such as installations, performance and video art. As Currin himself confessed in an interview with Rochelle Steiner: “it was very easy to exploit people’s inhibitions about painting.”

The work itself is technically impressive, and cannot be divorced from the subject matter which oscillates from the flatly realistic to the thickly cartoonish, often within the same painting. The women in his paintings smile blankly or give hollow laughs for the viewer, which create a sense of uncomfortable anxiety.

Men are seldom featured and when they are, they're pushed out of the frame or cropped by the painting’s edge, such as Park City Grill (2000). The exception is a brief series of images dealing with homosexuality or featuring gay men.

It would be accurate to suggest that Currin feels uncomfortable painting men: they lack the unforced sensuousness and variety of the women, but make a mildly diverting subgroup, a lukewarm and slightly unconvincing attempt by Currin to diversify. That's not to say all his male renditions are failures, far from it, and some, such as Two Guys (2002) radiate genuine warmth and an affection for his subject.

But Currin comes alive with the female form and sensibly devotes most of his time to his portraits and scenes of women.

The exhibition begins chronologically with his paintings from the late eighties and early nineties featuring strangely blank-faced women, often looking off-frame, with dark, expressionless eyes, devoid of any highlight. It's as if their eyes are black holes sucking inwards any light that they would normally reflect.

This is followed by paintings of from 1993, where Currin’s technique begins to nod towards the Expressionist techniques of Max Beckmann with thicker, more obvious brushstrokes and exaggerated features. He also began his series of girls lying stationary in bed as if too ill to move or communicate, blankets pulled up to their chins. Currin describes them as “completely passive” a reaction against the earlier paintings where he felt that the harsh, minimalist backgrounds were like acts of violence.

Feminists have sometimes reacted unkindly to Currin’s portrayal of females, particularly his series from the late nineties featuring women with insanely large, almost inflatable chests, such as The Bra Shop (1997) and Jaunty and Mame (1997). Currin is too clever and calculating to be unaware of the reaction these paintings would cause, and he concedes “There was an opportunity to make provocative paintings. I took that opportunity although I eventually got tired of working that way.”

Perhaps more disturbing than the large breasts is the treatment of the faces. While the bodies are lovingly painted with gentle curves, the cartoonish faces are rendered with violent impastos of thickly applied paint. The contrast in the approaches to the face and body is the reverse of the later Buffet (1999), where it's the face that is carefully painted and the background and body quickly dashed off with vigourous brushstrokes.

This sea-change in stye and approach to women could perhaps be explained by his marriage to sculptor Rachel Feinstein, whom he began to use as inspiration for many of his subsequent paintings. Although the women in his later works are not precise recreations of his wife, it's clear from his first actual portrait of her, Rachel in Fur (2002), that he has been drawing on the proportions of her face.

From 1998 Currin began a series of works inspired by Renaissance paintings, which seem at once familiar and refreshingly new, almost as if Post-Modernist paintings of Carlo Maria Mariani, Tibor Czernus and David Ligare from the 1980s had never happened.

Whether or not you enjoy the exhibition really hinges on what stance you adopt on his attitude to his subjects. Personally I find the off-kilter humour, laced with a kind of unsettling melancholy, gives the work a depth that makes the images stick in the mind. It’s clear that Currin loves the female form and intrigued by the feminine mind, and when combined with influences that range from Italian artists of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries to cheesy girlie magazines the results are unexpectedly beautiful and arresting.
¿Y esta publicidad? Puedes eliminarla si quieres

0 comentarios

¿Y esta publicidad? Puedes eliminarla si quieres